Delhi is a small mirror that reproduces India. Over the times, the capital of the world's largest democracy has persuaded rulers who just could not resist its charm. The best way to know about the magnificent heritage of Delhi is to know its monuments, to travel through time back into centuries of history filled with the rise and fall of dynasties that ruled the land.
Location: Delhi also recognized as New Delhi lies in the northern part of India, it is the capital of India.
There are a amount of fascinations for the travellers on New Delhi tour. A must visit is the India Gate, Red Fort, Qutub Minar and Humayun's Tomb and many more.
The Qutab Minar is situated in a small town called Mehrauli in South Delhi. It was constructed by Qutub-ud-din Aibek of the Slave Dynasty, who took ownership of Delhi in 1207. It is a red sandstone tower, standing tall at a height of 72 metres and is enclosed with intricate carvings and verses from the holy Qur'an. Qutub-ud-din Aibak began creating this victory tower as a sign of Muslim domination of Delhi and as a minaret for the Muslim priest, the muezzin, to call the faithful to prayer.
However, only the first storey was finished by Qutb-ud-din. The other storeys were built by his successor Iltutmish. The two circular storeys in white marble were built by Ferozshah Tughlaq in 1367, substituting the original fourth storey. The predictable balconies in the tower are supported by beautiful stalactite designs. The tapering tower has pointed and circular flutings on the first storey and star-shaped on the second and third storeys. The bands of calligraphic writings are amazing in excellence with the beautiful stalactite designs seen on the external of this tower.
Humayun's Tomb was constructed nine years after Humayun's death by his wife Haji Begum. Intended by a Persian architect named Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, and finished in 1565, the network was a trendsetter of its time. It is said that all later Mughal monuments, including the Taj Mahal, shadowed its design.
Located in Old Delhi, where the paths are narrow and always occupied with people, Red Fort attitudes tall and proud-a great observer to history, a mute watcher of the present. The choice for making the fort was taken in 1638, when Shahjahan decided to shift his capital to Delhi. Within eight years, Shahjahanabad was finished with the Red Fort-Qila-i-Mubarak (fortunate citadel).
The Purana Quila is a good instance of medieval military architecture. Constructed by Humayun, the Purana Quila is a monument of bold project, which is robust, frank and every inch a fortress. It is different from the well-planned, prudently decorated, and palatial forts of the later Mughal rulers. The main drive of this, now-dilapidated fort was its usefulness, with less emphasis on decoration.
The Baha'i Temple, located in South Delhi, is formed like a lotus. Built by the Baha'i community, it offers the caller a serenity that pervades the temple and its artistic design.
Rashtrapati Bhawan is architecturally a very remarkable edifice, with the India Gate conflicting it. This stretch called the Rajpath is where the Republic Day parade is held. The imposing plan of this area considered by Lutyens fascinates lots of travellers as well as the residents of Delhi who make it a point to visit the place often.
India Gate is a honouring raised in honour of the Indian soldiers martyred during the Afghan war. The green, velvety lawns at India Gate, mainly, are a popular evening and holiday engagement for young and old alike, who come packed in cars and enjoy a picnic-dinner in the lawns while children enjoy boating and playing around the place.
Road: New Delhi is linked to all the major cities of the northern India through road. Buses can be taken from the inter-state bus terminals at Kashmere Gate, Anand Vihar, and Sarai Kale Khan.
Rail: Delhi is linked to almost all the cities in the country by super-fast and express trains. The city has three main railway stations at New Delhi, Old Delhi, and Nizamuddin. Luxury trains like the Palace-on-Wheels, Fairy Queen, and Royal Orient Express can be taken from Delhi Cantonment railway station. Rajdhani Express trains connect Delhi from the state capitals. Shatabdi Express trains attach Delhi to the neighboring cities.
Air: Delhi is suitably linked to all the major cities of the world. Delhi has two aerodromes providing to domestic and international flights, located 4 km apart in Palam. The international airport (known as Indira Gandhi International Airport) is located 21 km from the city center. Taxis and coaches are available. The booking offices are mostly located in and around Connaught Place.
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